alexa Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infection | Japan| PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Infection

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  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infection

    Mycoplasma pneumonia is an infection of the lungs by the bacteria Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae). This type of pneumonia is also called atypical pneumonia because the symptoms are different from those of pneumonia due to other common bacteria.People who live or work in crowded areas such as schools and homeless shelters have a high chance of getting this condition. But many people who get sick with it have no known risk factors.

  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infection

    Beginning in spring 2011, signs of an outbreak of M. pneumoniae–associated infection in Japanese children were seen in outpatient settings; from the beginning of autumn 2011, this outbreak grew explosively. The National Institute of Infectious Diseases issued an alert. Japanese continuous surveillance in 2011 showed >80% of M. pneumoniae isolates to be MRMP with a mutation at A2063G, A2063T, or A2064G of the 23S ribosomal RNA gene.

  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infection

    MP is a bacterial infection the first line of treatment is antibiotics. Antibiotics must differ for children to avoid any potentially dangerous side effects. Macrolides, the first choice of antibiotics for children, include:erythromycin, clarithromycin, roxithromycin, azithromycin. Antibiotics prescribed for adults include: doxycycline, tetracycline, quinolones, Corticosteroids. Not all people respond to antibiotic treatment. Treatment for those who are unresponsive to antibiotics or complications of illness include corticosteroids.

  • Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infection

    Future studies, with new molecular techniques to better detect infections due to the wide range of pathogens, will broaden our understanding of the cause of pneumonia and may highlight which pathogens should be the targets for new vaccines. Despite the lack of data, mainly for the developing regions of the world, morbidity and mortality estimates and the main risk factors presented in this review could contribute to an understanding of the burden of acute lower respiratory infections.

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