A parasitic malady is a communicable disease caused or transmitted by a parasite. Several parasites don't cause diseases. Parasitic diseases will have an effect on all living organisms, as well as plants and mammals. The study of parasitic diseases is named parasitology.
Symptoms may mimic anemia or a hormone deficiency. Parasites are responsible for many ill health conditions including diarrhoea, gastrointestinal upset, vaginal irritation, joint pain, nervous diseases, immune dysfunction and chronic fatigue. Long term, undetected infestation can cause many systemic problems.
Fecal specimens of Japanese residents were examined in developing countries in order to know the prevalence of intestinal parasites in the group. One fecal specimen was collected from each 981 (in 1995) and 1275 (in 1996) Japanese living in Asia, the Middle East, Europe, Africa and Latin America. The infection rate of intestinal parasites was 3.0% in 1995 and 2.4% in 1996.