A sleep disorder, or somnipathy, is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person or animal. Some sleep disorders are serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental, social and emotional functioning. Polysomnography and actigraphy are tests commonly ordered for some sleep disorders.
Snoring/breathing difficulties while sleeping.Bedtimerefusal.Insomnia.Sleepwalking.Sleep terrors, nightmares or nighttime fears.Unusual sleep behaviors. Excessive daytime sleepiness.Bedwetting.
Treatments for sleep disorders generally can be grouped into four categories: Behavioral and psychotherapeutic treatment, Rehabilitation and management, Medication Other somatic treatment.
To dimensionally describe subjective sleep quality using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and estimate the prevalence rate of sleep problems (PSQI global score > 5) in the general Japanese adult population, 1871 subjects randomly selected from the 1995 Census were examined. The PSQI component scores (mean +/- SD) widely ranged (e.g. 0.04 +/- 0.31 in hypnotic medication use for males aged 20-29 years, 0.03 +/- 0.18 in hypnotic medication use for females aged 20-29 years, 1.10 +/- 0.94 in sleep latency for males aged 80 or older, 1.52 +/- 1.03 in sleep latency for females aged 80 or older). Statistical significance was found in each component score among age groups by gender. The PSQI global scores (mean +/- SD) by age groups ranged from 4.00 +/- 2.59 to 5.02 +/- 3.89 for males (P < 0.39) and 4.30 +/- 2.34 to 6.75 +/- 4.10 for females (P < 0.001).