Staphylococcus is a group of bacteria that can cause a number of diseases as a result of infection of various tissues of the body. The duration of some cases may take two or more days to fully resolve Staphylococcus aureus has long been recognized as one of the most important bacteria that cause disease in humans. It is the leading cause of skin and soft tissue infections such as abscesses (boils), furuncles, and cellulitis. Although most staph infections are not serious, S. aureus can cause serious infections such as bloodstream infections, pneumonia, or bone and joint infections.
For the detection of Staphylococcus aureus food poisoning which can lead to Staphylococcal enteritis a stool culture may be required. A stool culture is used to detect the presence of disease-causing bacteria (pathogenic) and help diagnose an infection of the digestive tract. In the case of Staphylococcal enteritis it is conducted to see if the stool is positive for a pathogenic bacterium. Treatment is supportive and based upon symptoms, with fluid and electrolyte replacement as the primary goal. Dehydration caused by diarrhea and vomiting is the most common complication.