Tonsil cancer is cancer that occurs in one of the three types of tonsils of the throat. It most commonly occurs in the palatine tonsils, which are located on either side of the throat, although it can also occur in the pharyngeal tonsils (also called adenoids), which are behind the nasal cavity, or in the lingual tonsils, which are at the back of the tongue. Cancers of the oral cavity and oropharynx are among the most common cancers worldwide, with an estimated 400,000 incident cases and 223,000 deaths during 2008.1 Tobacco and alcohol are strong risk factors for both oral cavity cancers (OCC) and oropharyngeal cancers (OPC) in Japan.
Radiation therapy or surgery can be effective in treating early tonsil cancer, and chemotherapy can be effective in treating more advanced tonsil cancer. Following surgery to remove cancerous tissue, reconstructive surgery can help restore structures that have been removed and rehabilitation can help you relearn how to eat, swallow or talk, if needed. New techniques introduced to reduce complications, making Tonsil cancer a safer operation for more people than ever before. Further research is being conducted to determine the best surveillance interval to monitor these cysts.