Tuberculosis, commonly known as TB, is a bacterial infection that can spread through the lymph nodes and bloodstream to any organ in your body mostly lungs.
Reports of WHO says that in Japan, the mortality rate of TB is 2.2 where, HIV+ TB combinely make a mortality rate of 0.1.
Tuberculosis prevention and control efforts primarily rely on the vaccination of infants and the detection and appropriate treatment of active cases.
The only available vaccine as of 2011 is Bacillus Calmette-Gu?rin (BCG) The BCG vaccine has limitations, and research to develop new TB vaccines is ongoing. A number of potential candidates are currently in phase I and II clinical trials.