Vulvar cancer is a sporadic type of cancer which forms in a woman's external genitals, called the vulva. The cancer habitually grows slowly over several years. Firstly, precancerous cells grow on vulvar skin. This is called vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), or dysplasia. Not all VIN cases turn into cancer, but it is best to treat it early. There are different types of vulvar cancer i.e Squamous cell carcinomas, Adenocarcinoma, Melanoma, Sarcoma, Basal cell carcinoma.
Disease Statistics: Patients who received treatment for vulvar cancer during the 10-year period from January 2005 through December 2015, including those who initially received palliative therapy. The UMIN-CTR Clinical Trial, estimates for vulvar cancer in the Japan reach year that:
• Approximately 2,150 cancers of the vulva will be diagnosed
Treatment: Depending on the nature and stage of the vulvar cancer, a person may need one type of treatment. The 3 main types of treatment used for patients with vulvar cancer are
• Surgery can be Laser surgery, Excision, Vulvectomy
• Radiation therapy
Research: Researcher at Kurume University School of Medicine study for the ethical and safety reasons, experimental treatments must be tested in the laboratory before they can be tried in patients. Sentinel lymph node mapping, Ultrasound scan of the groin, HPV tests, HPV vaccines, Anti viral creams and gels for VIN, Photodynamic therapy.