Mumps virus belongs to the family Paramyxoviridae. It causes low-grade fever, malaise and parotitis which can be cured with in a week. Neurologic problems are the most common extra salivary gland manifestations. They include meningitis and encephalitis, deafness, facial neuritis, cerebellar ataxia, hydrocephalus, transverse myelitis and polyradiculitis rarely. Mumps is the viral infection occurs in humans at childhood. The main symptom of the infection is salivary gland swelling. Mumps is a contagious disease that spreads from person to person through respiratory secretions. To prevent this viral infection vaccination is given at childhood. Open access to the scientific literature means the removal of barriers (including price barriers) from accessing scholarly work. There are two parallel roads towards open access: Open Access articles and self-archiving. Open Access articles are immediately, freely available on their Web site, a model mostly funded by charges paid by the author (usually through a research grant). The alternative for a researcher is self-archiving (i.e., to publish in a traditional journal, where only subscribers have immediate access, but to make the article available on their personal and/or institutional Web sites (including so-called repositories or archives)), which is a practice allowed by many scholarly journals. Open Access raises practical and policy questions for scholars, publishers, funders, and policymakers alike, including what the return on investment is when paying an article processing fee to publish in an Open Access articles, or whether investments into institutional repositories should be made and whether self-archiving should be made mandatory, as contemplated by some funders.
Last date updated on July, 2014