Medical Entomology Department, School of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
Received date: December 01, 2012; Accepted date: December 05, 2012; Published date: December 10, 2012
Citation: Gholizadeh S (2013) Malaria Zoonoses and its Future Challenges. J Bacteriol Parasitol 4:e117. doi: 10.4172/2155-9597.1000e117
Copyright: © 2013 Gholizadeh S. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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After discovery of malaria parasites and their transmission by Anophelines, until recently, malaria was antroponotic disease caused by four Plasmodium species. These parasites were circulated among humans by different vectors around the world. Coatney et al.  reported the first known case of naturally infected simian malaria, Plasmodium knowlesi, in human [1,2]. Near to half of century later that discovery, with applying molecular techniques, detection and identification of simian malaria, especially P. knowlesi, was renewed . Recently, Baird  revised the biology and medicine of zoonoses malaria . Cox- Singh  indicated the role of other simian malaria, P. inui and P. synomology, in human infection at Southeast Asia .
It is clear that epidemiologic pattern of malaria is going to be changed to both anthroponotic and zoonoses. In this case there were many gaps which should have been filled. They are including the risk of P. knowlesi and other simian malaria, the prevalence of these parasite among macaque hosts, human to human transmission of theses parasites, mix infection of anthroponotic and zoonoses parasites.
This new epidemiologic picture of malaria reveals that previously diagnosis and control methods should have been revised and the elimination program of malaria would have essential challenges.