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Maternal and Pediatric Nutrition- Open Access Journals
ISSN 2472-1182

Maternal and Pediatric Nutrition
Open Access

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Editorial Board
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Shoichiro Ozaki
Professor Emeritus
Ehime University

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Isaac Kuzmar
Central Hospital Kainuun Sote

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Luisa M.E.Massimo
Professor Emeritus 
Scientific Children’s Hospital

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Miljana Jovandaric
Faculty of Medicine
University of Belgrade

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About the Journal

Maternal nutrition plays a critical role in fetal growth and development. Maternal nutrition refers to the nutritional needs of women during the antenatal and postnatal period (i.e., when they are pregnant and breastfeeding) and also may refer to the pre-conceptual period (i.e., adolescence). A healthy diet helps children grow and learn. It also helps prevent obesity and weight-related diseases, such as diabetes. To give your child a nutritious diet-make half of what is on your child's plate fruits and vegetables, Choose healthy sources of protein, such as lean meat, nuts, and eggs, Serve whole-grain breads and cereals because they are high in fiber. Reduce refined grains, Broil, grill, or steam foods instead of frying them, Limit fast food and junk food, Offer water or milk instead of sugary fruit drinks and sodas.

Nutrition is the major intrauterine environmental factor that alters expression of the fetal genome and may have lifelong consequences. This phenomenon, termed "fetal programming," has led to the recent theory of "fetal origins of adult disease." Namely, alterations in fetal nutrition and endocrine status may result in developmental adaptations that permanently change the structure, physiology, and metabolism of the offspring, thereby predisposing individuals to metabolic, endocrine, and cardiovascular diseases in adult life.

Animal studies show that both maternal under nutrition and over nutrition reduce placental-fetal blood flows and stunt fetal growth. Impaired placental syntheses of nitric oxide (a major vasodilator and angiogenesis factor) and polyamines (key regulators of DNA and protein synthesis) may provide a unified explanation for intrauterine growth retardation in response to the 2 extremes of nutritional problems with the same pregnancy outcome. There is growing evidence that maternal nutritional status can alter the epigenetic state (stable alterations of gene expression through DNA methylation and histone modifications) of the fetal genome. This may provide a molecular mechanism for the impact of maternal nutrition on both fetal programming and genomic imprinting. Promoting optimal nutrition will not only ensure optimal fetal development, but will also reduce the risk of chronic diseases in adults.

Journal of Maternal and pediatric nutrition is a peer reviewed journal, serving the International Scientific Community. This Maternal and pediatric nutrition journal with highest impact factor offers an Open Access platform to the authors to publish their research outcome.

Journal of Maternal and pediatric nutrition (MPN) is a scholarly Open Access journal that aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on vast topics of nutrition that include various aspects of Pediatric Parenteral Nutrition, Maternal stress, Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance, Pediatric Health, Maternal Health, Maternal Nutrition, Pediatric Nutrition in the mode of original research and review articles, as well as case reports, short communications, commentaries, mini reviews and making them freely available online without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide.

This scientific journal includes a wide range of fields in its discipline to create a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal and the editorial office promises a peer review process for the submitted manuscripts for the quality of scholarly publishing.

The Journal is using Editorial Manager System to maintain quality in online manuscript submission, review and tracking. Editorial board members of the Journal of Maternal and pediatric nutrition or outside experts conduct the review; at least two independent reviewer’s approval followed by the editor is required for the acceptance of any citable manuscript.

Peer reviewed journals follow a rigorous review process by strictly adhering to the standard research format and style, enhances the quality of research work.

Maternal Nutrition

Maternal nutrition plays a critical role in fetal growth and development. Although considerable effort has been directed towards defining nutrient requirements of animals over the past 30 years, suboptimal nutrition during gestation remains a significant problem for many animal species (e.g., cattle, pigs, and sheep) worldwide.
Related Journals of Maternal Nutrition
Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy, Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences, Journal of Food & Nutritional Disorders, Maternal & Child Nutrition, International Journal of Maternal and Child Health. 

Pediatric Nutrition

Right nutrition in early days of life is very important. Nutritional requirements are different for kids and adults in the family. They are in their growing age, they need balanced nutrition but not only high calorie foods. In growing years different age groups have different requirements. Discussion with experts helps in dealing with the situation.
Related Journal of Pediatric Nutrition
Pediatric Care & Nursing, Pediatrics & Therapeutics, Pediatric Care & Nursing, Interventional Pediatrics & Research, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.  

Maternal Stress

Prenatal stress (or prenatal maternal stress) is exposure of an expectant mother to distress, which can be caused by stressful life events or by environmental hardships. Since ancient times, scientists have written about beliefs that the emotional state of the pregnant mother may affect her unborn child. Today, both animal and human studies support the notion that maternal stress and anxiety during pregnancy can have both immediate and long-term effects on her offspring.
Related Journal of Maternal Stress
Gynecology & Obstetrics, Clinics in Mother and Child Health, Journal of Women's Health Care, Journal of Pregnancy. 

Balanced Nutrition

All human beings need a balanced amount of nutrients for proper functioning of the body system. Nutrition is a fundamental pillar of human life, health and development throughout the entire life span.Proper food and good nutrition are essential for survival, physical growth, mental development, performance and productivity, health and wellbeing. However, the nutrition requirement varies with respect to age, gender and during physiological changes such as pregnancy. Pregnancy is such a critical phase in a woman’s life, when the expecting mother needs optimal nutrients of superior qualities to support the developing fetus. Naturally, the urge to eat more is experienced by nearly all pregnant women.
Related Journals of Balanced Nutrition
Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences, Journal of Metabolic Syndrome, Journal of Probiotics & Health, Journal of Food & Nutritional Disorders, Sports Nutrition and Therapy 

Maternal Exercise

Exercise during pregnancy is controversial; both benefits and risks have been hypothesized. As empiric evidence is scant, the issue was investigated in a prospective study that assessed the impact on fetal growth of maternal exercise in each trimester of pregnancy.
Related Journals of Maternal Exercise
Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health, Clinics in Mother and Child Health, Gynecology & Obstetrics, Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics 

Nutrition management in Pregnanacy

Although it is clear that prenatal nutrition impacts short- and long-term health, many scientific questions remain unanswered due to the many challenges to performing high quality scientific research in pregnancy. Good nutrition during pregnancy, and enough of it, is very important for the baby to grow and develop. One should consume about 300 more calories per day than did before the stage of pregnanacy. Eventhough nausea and vomiting during the first few months of pregnancy can make this difficult, try to eat a well-balanced diet and take prenatal vitamins for expecting a healthy baby.
Related Journals of Nutrition management in Pregnanacy
Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy, Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism, Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome, Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences, Journal of Probiotics & Health 

Maternal Nutrition Therapy

Adequate energy intake and a diversified diet that includes fruit, vegetables, and animal products throughout the life cycle help ensure that women enter pregnancy and lactation without deficiencies and obtain adequate nutrients during periods of heightened demand. Some nutrient requirements, particularly iron, folic acid, and vitamin A, are more difficult to achieve than others through food sources. For this reason, supplements with these nutrients are recommended in addition to improved diets. Fortified foods should be promoted through counseling and social marketing in countries where foods fortified with iron, iodine, folic acid, or vitamin A are available and affordable.
Related Journals of Maternal Nutrition Therapy
Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy, Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy, Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome, Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences, Journal of Probiotics & Health 

Hormonal Effects

Newborns are often born or experience a variety of hormal conditions after birth. These conditions include acne, yellowing of the skin known as jaundice, darker pigmentation to the skin and temporary changes in the genitals or breasts. Many of these conditions exist because of the mother's hormones passed to the fetus just before birth or to the infant during breastfeeding.
Related Journals of Hormonal Effects
Journal of Autacoids and Hormones, Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome, Journal of Plant Biochemistry & Physiology, Journal of Steroids & Hormonal Science 

Maternal Complications

Overweight and obese women are at increased risk of several pregnancy complications, including gestational diabetes mellitus, hypertension, preeclampsia, cesarean delivery, and postpartum weight retention. Similarly, fetuses of pregnant women who are overweight or obese are at increased risk of prematurity, stillbirth, congenital anomalies, macrosomia with possible birth injury, and childhood obesity. Additional concerns include potential intrapartum, operative, and postoperative complications and difficulties related to anesthesia management. Obese women are also less likely to initiate and sustain breastfeeding.
Related Journals of Maternal Complications
Clinics in Mother and Child Health, Gynecology & Obstetrics, Journal of Women's Health Care, Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy 

Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance

CDC discontinued the Pediatric and Pregnancy Nutrition Surveillance Systems (PedNSS and PNSS) at the end of 2012. These program-based surveillance systems monitored the nutritional status of low-income infants, children, and women in federally funded maternal and child health programs.
Related Journals of Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance
Journal of Pediatric Neurology and Medicine, Interventional Pediatrics & Research, Pediatrics & Therapeutics, International Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences, Current Pediatrics 

New born Feeding

Newborns vary greatly in the amount of milk they consume during a single feed. As a result, some babies require more frequent feedings to achieve the same daily caloric intake. A demand-style newborn feeding schedule permits babies to adjust to their individual circumstances.Newborns differ in sucking strength, and this affects how rapidly they empty a breast or bottle. As a result, some babies require longer feeding bouts than others. This is especially true for the lower birth weight baby and the premature baby-—both of whom may lack the strength to suck effectively.
Related Journals of New born Feeding
Pediatrics & Therapeutics, International Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences, Current Pediatrics, Journal of Pediatric Neurology and Medicine, Interventional Pediatrics & Research 

Paediatric Development

Keeping the infant healthy and ensuring that they get good nutrition are two of the most important jobs of parenting. The first three years of life are a period of incredible growth in all areas of a baby's development.Infant and early childhood mental health includes a full spectrum of social and emotional functioning. This ranges from the ability to form satisfying relationships with others, play, communicate, learn, and express emotions, to the disorders of very early childhood.
Related Journals of Paediatric Development
Pediatrics & Therapeutics, Clinical Pediatrics,  Pediatric Care & Nursing, International Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences, Current Pediatrics, Journal of Pediatric Neurology and Medicine, Interventional Pediatrics & Research 

Pediatric Nutrition Schedule

Many babies get their days and nights confused, that is, they may eat every 4 hours during the day and every 2 hours at night. If a baby falls into this pattern, there are a couple measures that may help. First, if a baby sleeps longer than 4 hours at a stretch during the day, wake him so he will have his long stretch at night. Secondly, a bath in the latter part of the day may help him sleep longer at night. The addition of cereal at night has been proven not to be effective. Burping is necessary for all babies because they all swallow air, whether they are breast or bottle fed. Usually, burping midway through and at the end of the feeding is adequate; five minutes of burping is usually enough time.
Related Journals of Pediatric Nutrition Schedule
Clinical Pediatrics, Pediatrics & Therapeutics, Pediatric Care & Nursing, International Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences, Current Pediatrics, Interventional Pediatrics & Research 

Pediatric Supplements

Liquid nutrition is an option for supplementation if your child cannot or will not eat enough to gain weight on their own through meals and snacks of food. Although liquid nutrition is not the ideal way to nourish a child, if mealtimes are very stressful and they are willing to drink outside of formal mealtimes, pediatric nutrition supplements may be helpful. It should be considered if your child is underweight or has been diagnosed with failure to thrive.
Related Journals of Pediatric Supplements
Clinical Pediatrics,  Pediatric Care & Nursing, Journal of Pediatric Dermatology, Current Pediatrics, Interventional Pediatrics & Research 

Paediatric Safety

When a baby becomes part of your family, it is time to make sure that your home is a safe place. Look around your home for things that could be dangerous to your baby. As a parent, it is your job to ensure that you create a safe home for your baby. It also is important that you take the necessary steps to make sure that you are mentally and emotionally ready for your new baby.
Related Journals of Paediatric Safety
Current Pediatrics, Interventional Pediatrics & Research, Clinical Pediatrics,  Pediatric Care & Nursing, Journal of Pediatric Dermatology 

Recently Published Articles

Comparative Study on Nutritional Status of under Five Children with Employment Status of Mothers in Adama Town, Central Ethiopia
Wondafrash M, Admassu B, Bayissa ZB and Geremew F
Evaluation and Optimization of Extracellular Digestive Enzymes from Bacillus spp. Isolated from Curds
Rashmi BS and Gayathri D
Comparative Nutrient Analysis of Regular, Organic, and Homemade Infant and Toddler Foods
Oberlin AL, Myers KB, Brinkley J, McKee L and Wall-Bassett E
Optimization during the First Thousand Days of Child through Dietary Supplement with Lc-Pufas: Systematic Review of the Literature
Gabriella Cristine Rosolem Silva, Rodrigues Reis RP, Almeida Braga SC, Lima TS, de Souza MCM, de Oliveira WPL and de Araújo LA
Vitamin D Status in Premature Infants at Risk of Metabolic Bone Disease of Prematurity
Yuet-ling Tung J, Calabria AC and Kelly A
An Exploratory Study to Assess the Factors Causing Anxiety among Primigravida Planned for Normal Vaginal Delivery and Caesarean Section Admitted at Mata Kaushalya Hospital, Patiala, Punjab
Raksha G, Anjali T and Kirna T
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