|A minute cellular inclusion containing a ring of DNA not in a chromosome capable of autonomous replication. The different kinds of plasmids are Fertility plasmids, resistence plasmids, col plasmids, degradative plasmids,virulence plasmids. Plasmid applications include disease models, gene therapy. OMICS Group through its Open Access Initiative is committed to make genuine and reliable contributions to the scientific community. It follows an Open Access publication model that enables the dissemination of research articles to the global community free of cost.
Innovations are new idea, device or process. Innovations are the application of better solutions that meet new requirements, inarticulated needs or existing market needs. It is proficient through more effective products, processes, services, technologies, or new ideas that are readily available to markets, governments and society. Innovations are something original and novel, as a significant, new that breaks into the market or society.