Achalasia is a primary esophageal motility disorder characterized by the absence of esophageal peristalsis and impaired relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) in response to swallowing. The particular cause of achalasia is unknown. However, it may usually occur by the degeneration of the esophageal muscles and, more importantly, the nerves that control the muscles. As a result, people suffering with achalasia face difficulty in swallowing food.
Signs and Symptoms: In achalasia at least half of the patients, they have the symptoms of lower sphincter resting pressure also is abnormally high. In addition to the abnormalities of the lower sphincter, the muscle lower half to two-thirds of the body of the esophagus show abnormalities in contraction, which is peristaltic waves do not occur, which can directly affect the food and saliva not propelled down through the esophagus and into the stomach.
Disease statistics: Achalasia It occurs equally in males and females. It is typically diagnosed in adults, but can occur in children as well.it is an uncommon swallowing disorder that affects about 1 in every 100,000 people. Disease affects mostly adults between ages 30s and 50s, achalasia is only diagnosed in some 2,000 people in the U.S. each year.