AIDS is a syndrome caused by the HIV virus. It is when a person’s immune system is too weak to fight off many infections, and develops when the HIV infection is very advanced. This is the last stage of HIV infection where the body can no longer defend itself and may develop various diseases, infections and if left untreated, death. There is currently no cure for HIV or AIDS. However, with the right treatment and support, people can live long and healthy lives with HIV.
1. It may cause influenza-like illness, tuberculosis, opportunistic infections and tumors, pneumocystis pneumonia, severe weight loss, Kaposi's sarcoma. The time period usually ranges from 6 months (rarely) to 15+ years. HIV infection passes through a series of steps or stages before it turns into AIDS. These stages of infection as outlined in 1993 by the Centers for Disease Control. Seroconversion illness – this occurs in 1 to 6 weeks after acquiring the infection. The feeling is similar to a bout of flu.
2. Asymptomatic infection – After seroconversion, virus levels are low and replication continues slowly. CD4 and CD8 lymphocyte levels are normal. This stage has no symptoms and may persist for years together.
3. Persistent generalised lymphadenopathy (PGL) – The lymph nodes in these patients are swollen for three months or longer and not due to any other cause.
4. Symptomatic infection – This stage manifests with symptoms. In addition, there may be opportunistic infections. This collection of symptoms and signs is referred to as the AIDS-related complex (ARC) and is regarded as a prodrome or precursor to AIDS.
AIDS is primarily a sexually transmitted disease (STD) intimately related to the sexuality of individuals and populations. In Mexico, as in other countries, AIDS has become a complex healthcare challenge, with many psychological, social, ethical, economic, and political dimensions that transcend the usual focus of healthcare. The first AIDS case in Mexico was diagnosed in 1983. Based on retrospective analyses and other public health investigation techniques, HIV in Mexico can be traced back to 1981. Since 1981, the increase in new cases has been continuous, with four types of trends noted: (1) up to the end of 1987, the increase was slow; (2) from 1988 to 1991, the increase was exponential; (3) from 1992 to 1995, the increase was exponential but subdued; and (4) as of 1996 there appeared to be a leveling off of the epidemic, stabilizing with an average of 4,000 new cases of AIDS annually. Antiretroviral therapies have proved life-saving in HIV infection, dramatically reducing morbidity and mortality. With longer survival, morbidities and mortalities in HIV infection are increasingly similar to the morbidities and mortalities associated with ageing. In treated HIV infection, the risk of these morbidities and mortalities is linked to immune activation, inflammation and coagulation indices.
In 1986, Mexico established the National Committee against AIDS. Initially the committee was comprised of professionals who provided their services on a part-time basis to coordinate the fight against AIDS. In August 1988, the National Council for Prevention and Control of AIDS (CONASIDA) was established by presidential decree. CONASIDA became the official government agency charged with the responsibility for meeting the diverse challenges of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Mexico. To ensure the appropriate care of persons who live with HIV/AIDS, various training courses were given to establish in each federal entity a specialized service for the attention of persons affected. In Mexico, an alternative was proposed to increase availability of antiretroviral drugs for the population with neither Social Security nor independent financial resources. FONSIDA A.C.'s main purpose is fundraising for the purchase of antiretroviral drugs, with donations sought from all sectors of society. According to the most recent report by the National Center for the Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS (CENSIDA), Chiapas is the sixth state for highest accumulated AIDS cases.