Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) refers to the practice of screening every newborn for hearing loss prior to hospital discharge. About 80 New Mexico infants are born each year with a significant hearing loss. The consequences of hearing loss of any severity or type are profound for children and their families.
All families of babies with a confirmed hearing impairment should be referred and have the opportunity to access Hearing and other early intervention services before three months of age for advice, including amplification fitting services and cochlear implantation candidacy evaluation.
Advances in audiological testing equipment and techniques allow accurate hearing screening of the newborn, using either otoacoustic emission screeners or automated auditory brainstem evoked response audiometry. Hearing screening lowers the age of diagnosis of permanent hearing loss.The National Framework recognises that the development of neonatal hearing screening has developed separately across jurisdictions with various levels of sophistication.