alexa Eisenmenger syndrome | Mexico | PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Recommended Conferences

Eisenmenger Syndrome

  • Share this page
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • LinkedIn
  • Google+
  • Pinterest
  • Blogger
  • Eisenmenger syndrome

    Eisenmenger syndrome is a condition that affects blood flow from the heart to the lungs in some people who were born with structural problems of the heart. Eisenmenger syndrome is a condition that results from abnormal blood circulation caused by a defect in the heart. Most often, people with this condition are born with a hole between the two pumping chambers the left and right ventricles of the heart.

    Eisenmenger syndrome usually develops before puberty but may develop in adolescence and early adulthood.Patients in underdeveloped countries are more likely to present late with uncorrected congenital cardiac lesions and a markedly elevated pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). They are more likely to be inoperable secondary to Eisenmenger physiology.

  • Eisenmenger syndrome

    Eisenmenger syndrome develops over time as a result of the effects of high blood pressure in the lungs. This high blood pressure, or pulmonary hypertension, occurs because of congenital heart defects that cause blood to flow from the left side of the heart to the right side of the heart (left-to-right shunt). Congenital heart defects of this type include:

    • Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). A connection between the aorta and the pulmonary artery that allows oxygen-rich (red) blood that should go to the body to recirculate through the lungs.

    • Atrial septal defect (ASD). An opening in the atrial septum, or dividing wall between the two upper chambers of the heart known as the right and left atria.

    • Ventricular septal defect (VSD). An opening in the ventricular septum, or dividing wall between the two lower chambers of the heart known as the right and left ventricles.

    • Atrioventricular canal defect (AV canal). A heart problem that involves several abnormalities of structures inside the heart, including an ASD, VSD, and improperly formed mitral and/or tricuspid valves.

  • Eisenmenger syndrome

    The goals of treatment for Eisenmenger syndrome are aimed at decreasing the pulmonary artery pressure, improving oxygenation, and decreasing degree of cyanosis and erythrocytosis. Treatment methods may include, but are not limited to, the following:

    •  Medications that help to decrease pulmonary hypertension may be prescribed. These medications include calcium channel blockers, prostacyclin, and endothelin receptor antagonists, and work to dilate blood vessels to lower the blood pressure in the lungs. If right heart failure develops, diuretics (water pills) may be prescribed to help decrease blood volume.
    • Supplemental oxygen may be used during sleep periods or while resting. Use of oxygen may progress to continuous use for symptom relief.
    • Phlebotomy (removal of blood) should not be done frequently, but may be recommended when erythrocytosis causes hyperviscosity of the blood. The volume of the blood removed is replaced with intravenous (IV) saline solution to thin the blood. Phlebotomy is generally done only when symptoms are severe and/or the hematocrit (the percentage of blood that is made up of red blood cells) becomes extremely elevated.

Expert PPTs

Speaker PPTs

 

High Impact List of Articles

Conference Proceedings