Gingivitis refers to an inflammation of the gums. It is characterized by red swollen gums, bad breath which persists even after brushing, painful and bleeding gums.
Gingivitis severity is most likely related to age, lipid disorders and increase in body mass. Ulcerative gingivitis is accompanied by areas of ulceration and necrosis of the gums (necrosis). Risk factors associated with gingivitis are smoking, chewing tobacco, poor oral hygiene, medical conditions such as diabetes, decreased immunity, fungal infections and hormonal imbalance.
Treatment and Statistics
Gingivitis can be diagnosed by dentists by performing deep cleaning and surgical procedures such as flap surgery, bone and tissue grafts. In Mexico, the prevalence of gingivitis was 39% among children of age between 4 and 5 years old. In children of 8 to 12 years of age prevalence is about 20.6%. In adolescents, the prevalence of gingivitis is 44%; of whom 80.9% have mild gingivitis, 16.5% have moderate gingivitis and 2.5% have severe gingivitis.