The term heart disease is often interchanged with the term cardiovascular disease. It generally refers to the conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. By controlling high blood pressure, quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy diet and by maintaining low cholesterol levels heart diseases can be prevented.
Diagnosis and symptoms include cardiac catherization, cardiac MRI, picturing the heart, a CT scan, a coronary angiography, stress testing, echocardiography, nuclear heart scan, etc. Treatment for heart valve problems include medications, heart valve surgery and for heart attack medications like clot busters should be administered as soon as possible, coronary angioplasty, coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
About 140 million people in the Americas suffer from hypertension. In Mexico (1997) female deaths from hypertension surpassed those for males, starting at age 35. The prevalence of hypertension in Latin America and the Caribbean has been estimated at between 8 and 30 percent. Throughout its history, the United States has consistently received large numbers of immigrants from around the world.