Non-polio enteroviruses are small RNA viruses that belong to the family Picornaviridae that spread among people by secretions from the gastrointestinal tract or sometimes by respiratory infections the stool specimens from patients with acute flaccid paralysis were evaluated to investigate the epidemiology of AFP associated with the isolation of non-polio enterovirus. The results show that the notification pattern for AFP associated with NPEV isolates is similar to that for all AFP cases. While AFP associated with NPEV isolates generally differs clinically from confirmed poliomyelitis, 2-21% of cases met one of three case definitions for poliomyelitis.
The treatment for enterovirus infections is mainly supportive and designed to reduce the symptoms caused by the various enterovirus types. If an infection occurs shortly before delivery of the baby, there is a chance that the mother may pass the infection to her baby. In most of these cases, the baby only develops a mild illness, but rare cases can lead to severe infection.