Pulmonary means lungs and edema means swelling. It is a condition which is caused by excess fluid accumulation. This fluid collects in the numerous air sacs in the lungs, which makes difficult to breathe. In most of the cases, heart problems are caused due to pulmonary edema. It develops suddenly, which is called as acute pulmonary edema, which 0020 is a medical emergency requiring immediate care.
Although pulmonary edema can sometimes prove fatal, the outlook improves when you receive prompt treatment for pulmonary edema along with treatment for the underlying problem. In Mexico the statistical analysis of pulmonary edema gave the result as patients with asthma require continuous monitoring of their cardiorespiratory status via noninvasive or invasive devices, with serial clinical examinations, objective scoring of asthma severity (using an objective pediatric asthma score), and appropriate diagnostic tests.
Patients with worsening clinical status should be progressively treated with continuous β-agonists, intravenous magnesium, helium-oxygen mixtures, intravenous terbutaline and/or aminophylline, coupled with high-flow oxygen and non-invasive ventilation to limit the work of breathing, hypoxemia, and possibly hypercarbia. Sedation with low-dose ketamine (with or without benzodiazepines) infusions may allow better toleration of non-invasive ventilation and may also prepare the patient for tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation, if indicated by a worsening clinical status.