Pulmonary valve stenosis is a condition characterized by obstruction to blood flow from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery. This obstruction is caused by narrowing (stenosis) at one or more points from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery. The most common form of pulmonary stenosis is obstruction at the valve itself, referred to as pulmonary valvar stenosis.
Pulmonary valve stenosis signs and symptoms vary, depending on the extent of the obstruction. People with mild pulmonary stenosis usually don't have symptoms. Pulmonary valve stenosis signs and symptoms may include Heart murmur - an abnormal whooshing sound heard using a stethoscope, caused by turbulent blood flow, Shortness of breath, especially during exertion, Chest pain, Loss of consciousness (fainting), Fatigue
Patients with mild pulmonary valve stenosis are healthy, can participate in all types of physical activities and sporting events, and lead normal lives. The type of treatment required depends on the type of valve abnormality present. Most commonly, the pulmonary valve is of normal size, and the obstruction is due to fusion along the commissures or lines of valve leaflet opening. In Mexico the statistical analysis of pulmonary valve stenosis gave the result as the both patients became acyanotic with oxygen saturations of 96%. There was mild residual infundibular stenosis with 40 and 30 mm Hg gradients. Both VSDs were effectively occluded with only trivial residual shunts. One patient developed mild haemolysis, which resolved spontaneously in a few days. Both patients were doing well at six and 12 months’ follow up visits.