Tuberculosis is a disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis which usually attack the lungs, but can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain.
The average incidence of Tuberculosis per every 100 000 population of mexico is 21. The Treatment of TB uses antibiotics to kill the bacteria.
Effective TB treatment is difficult, due to the unusual structure and chemical composition of the mycobacterial cell wall.
The BCG vaccine has limitations, and research to develop new TB vaccines is ongoing. A number of potential candidates are currently in phase I and II clinical trials.