alexa Acute liver failure | Netherlands | PDF | PPT| Case Reports | Symptoms | Treatment

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Acute Liver Failure

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  • Acute liver failure

     Acute liver failure (ALF) is a rare syndrome defined by a rapid decline in hepatic function characterised by jaundice, coagulopathy (INR >1.5), and hepatic encephalopathy in patients with no evidence of prior liver disease.The interval from the onset of jaundice to the development of encephalopathy occurs within 24 to 26 weeks and may further classify ALF into categories based on hyperacute, acute, or subacute presentations.

    Typical symptoms

    Yellowing of your skin and eyeballs (jaundice), Pain in your upper right abdomen, Abdominal swelling, Nausea, Vomiting, A general sense of feeling unwell (malaise), Disorientation or confusion, Sleepiness.

  • Acute liver failure

     Therapeutic aspects

    Treatments for acute liver failure Acute liver failure treatments may include: Medications to reverse poisoning. Acute liver failure caused by acetaminophen overdose or mushroom poisoning is treated with drugs that can reverse the effects of the toxin and may reduce liver damage. Liver transplant. When acute liver failure can't be reversed, the only treatment may be a liver transplant. During a liver transplant, a surgeon removes your damaged liver and replaces it with a healthy liver from a donor. Treatments for complications Control signs and symptoms you're experiencing and try to prevent complications caused by acute liver failure.

  • Acute liver failure

     Statistics

    A retrospective cohort study was performed during the years 2000-2008. Data were retrieved from three longitudinal electronic healthcare databases in two European countries: Pedianet and Health Search/CSD Longitudinal Patient Database from Italy and the Integrated Primary Care Information database from The Netherlands. Cases of idiopathic acute liver injury in population aged <18 years were identified by exclusion of all competing causes of liver injury (e.g. viral, autoimmune hepatitis), according to CIOMS criteria.Among 785 definite cases of idiopathic ALI, the pooled IR was 62.4/100,000 PYs (95 % CI 58.1-66.8). The country-specific IR was higher in Italy (73.0/100,000 PYs, 95 % CI 67.8-78.4) than in The Netherlands (21.0/100,000 PYs, 95 % CI 16.0-27.2) and increased with age in both countries. Isolated elevations of liver enzymes were reported in around two-thirds of cases in Italy, while in The Netherlands the cases were more often identified by a combination of signs/symptoms. Among drugs detected as potential underlying cause of idiopathic ALI, clarithromycin (RR 25.9, 95 % CI 13.4-50), amoxicillin/clavulanic acid (RR 18.6, 95 % CI 11.3-30.6), and amoxicillin (RR 7.5, 95 % CI 3.4-16.8) were associated with the highest risk compared to non-use.

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