Castleman disease is a rare disorder that involves an overgrowth (proliferation) of cells in your body's disease-fighting network (lymphatic system). Also known as giant lymph node hyperplasia and angiofollicular lymph node hyperplasia, Castleman disease can occur in a localized (unicentric) or widespread (multicentric) form.
Fever. Night sweats. Fatigue and weakness. Loss of appetite. Unintended weight loss. Enlarged lymph nodes, usually around the neck, collarbone, underarm and groin areas. Enlarged liver or spleen.
Five multicentric Castleman's disease and two solitary Castleman's disease biopsies were positive for HHV-8. HHV-8 was identified in approximately 10% of intranodal B lymphocytes, in endothelial cells, and in subcapsular spindle cell proliferations. The copy number of HHV-8 was low at 10–50 copies/1000 cells. The highest copy number was in subcapsular spindle cells. There was no correlation between vascularity score and HHV-8 status.