Endometrial cancer is the most frequently occurring female genital cancer; this condition was the fourth most common cancer among US women. Endometrial cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the uterus. The uterus is the hollow, pear-shaped pelvic organ in women where fetal development occurs.
Endometrial cancer begins in the layer of cells that form the lining (endometrium) of the uterus. Endometrial cancer is sometimes called uterine cancer. Endometrial cancer is often detected at an early stage because it frequently produces abnormal vaginal bleeding, which causes women to visit the doctor. The genetic mutation of endometrium lining in uterus turns normal, healthy cells into abnormal cells thereby causing cancer.
The various symptoms of endometrial cancer are as follows:
Diagnosis and Treatment
Bleeding from the lower genital tract can occur from the cervix, vulva, or vagina. If the bleeding is due to neoplasms, gross inspection usually helps identify these lesions. If cervical cytology findings are abnormal and no gross lesions are identified, further evaluation must be performed. The vaginal ultrasonography to evaluate the endometrial stripe.If a thickened endometrium is present, a hydroultrasonogram is obtained to make sure a false-positive result is not present. This is accomplished by placing a small volume of saline into the endometrial cavity and then repeating the vaginal ultrasonogram. Biopsy is also to check the cancer presence in the body.Drugs like cisplatin is majorly used to trat the cancer and surgery is performed to remove uterus in complicated cases. Radiation therapy uses powerful energy beams, such as X-rays, to kill cancer cells.