Febrile seizures are the most common type of seizures observed in the pediatric age group. Pediatric febrile seizures, which represent the most common childhood seizure disorder, exist only in association with an elevated temperature. Evidence suggests, however, that they have little connection with cognitive function, so the prognosis for normal neurologic function is excellent in children with febrile seizures.
Febrile seizure symptoms can range from mild to more severe shaking or tightening of the muscles. A child having a febrile seizure may have a fever higher than 100.4 F (38.0 C), lose consciousness, shake or jerk arms and legs etc.
This is a unique form of epilepsy that occurs in early childhood and only in association with an elevation of temperature. The underlying pathophysiology is unknown, but genetic predisposition clearly contributes to the occurrence of this disorder.