The most common type of lip cancer begins in the squamous cells, the thin, flat cells that line the lips and mouth. Lip cancer symptoms are very similar to those of other types of oral cancer. It can often be mistaken for a cold that won’t go away, or a persistent toothache. Other symptoms and signs include, A sore in the mouth that does not heal, Persistent mouth pain, A lump or thickening in the cheek, A white or red patch on the gums, tongue, tonsil, or lining of the mouth, A sore throat or feeling that something is caught in the throat that does not go away.
Descriptive epidemiological data of new cases of squamous cell carcinoma of the vermilion border of the lip in the Netherlands from 1989–94 inclusive are presented. Lip cancer represented 0.47 and 0.09% of all new malignancies in males and females, respectively. The overall male-to-female ratio was 5.7. Age-adjusted incidence rates in males and females were 2.2 and 0.3 per 100 000 (ESR), respectively. The cumulative lifetime risk for developing lip cancer was 0.15 for males and 0.03 for females.