Osteomyelitis is infection in the bone. Osteomyelitis can occur in infants, children, and adults. Different types of bacteria typically affect the different age groups.The objective of treating osteomyelitis is to eliminate the infection and prevent the development of chronic infection.
osteomyelitis can lead to permanent deformity, possible fracture, and chronic problems, so it is important to treat the disease as soon as possible The reported annual incidence of childhood osteomyelitis is 3 to 20 per 100,000. For acute osteomyelitis the incidence is 8 per 100,000 and for sub-acute osteomyelitis 5 per 100,000.The most common site of infection is the long bones, especially the femur and tibia. Most infections are mono-ostotic, but polyostotic involvement of up to 6.8 % is reported in infants, and even 22 % in neonates