Pet allergy symptoms appear during or shortly after exposure to the animal. Allergies to pets, particularly to cats and dogs, are a common cause of allergic disease, including asthma and allergic rhinitis (hay fever).These symptoms may linger long after the animal is gone. This is because the dander remains in the air, on furniture or on your clothing. The allergy results in: Sneezing, Itchy, watery eyes, Runny nose, Congestion. Additionally, contact with a pet may trigger skin allergy symptoms including itchy skin or raised, red patches (hives). Pets can also trigger asthma symptoms, causing wheezing, difficulty breathing or chest tightness.
The most effective way to manage pet and other allergic rhinitis symptoms is to avoid the allergen(s) causing the symptoms. Antihistamines like Allegra, Claritin, Benadryl, or Zyrtec and other over-the-counter allergy medications may help relieve symptoms, but they are not ideal as a long-term treatment. Decongestants, which reduce swelling in the nose and relieve congestion; examples are over-the-counter Sudafed and Allegra-D. Other drugs, which affect allergy or asthma symptoms in different ways; prescription steroids -- such as Flonase or Nasonex sprays -- are a common treatment for allergies. Both Flonase and Nasonex are available over the counter and by prescription. Allergy shots have a proven track record as an effective form of long-term treatment (immunotherapy).
The researches like “Pets, allergy and respiratory symptoms in children” shows the relationship between pet ownership and respiratory allergy and symptoms was investigated in a population of 3344 Dutch children of 6-12 years old. Allergen exposure in infancy and the development of sensitization, wheeze, and asthma at 4 years undertaken by “the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research”.
Among the children with complete information about sensitization (n = 365), 14%, 7%, and 4% had specific IgE to house dust mite, cat, or dog allergens, respectively (children with an atopic mother: 18%, 8%, and 4%; children with a nonatopic mother: 10%, 7%, and 4%). Among the 849 children with complete information about wheeze, 24% and 11% had early transient and persistent wheeze, respectively (atopic mother: 26% and 14%; nonatopic mother: 23% and 9%). Among the 881 children with complete information about asthma, 4% had physician-diagnosed asthma at 4 years of age (atopic mother: 5%; nonatopic mother: 4%).