Pulmonary means lungs and edema means swelling. It is a condition which is caused by excess fluid accumulation. This fluid collects in the numerous air sacs in the lungs, which makes difficult to breathe. In most of the cases, heart problems are caused due to pulmonary edema. It develops suddenly, which is called as acute pulmonary edema, which 0020 is a medical emergency requiring immediate care.
Although pulmonary edema can sometimes prove fatal, the outlook improves when you receive prompt treatment for pulmonary edema along with treatment for the underlying problem. Statistical analysis on pulmonary edema in Netherlands were resulted as the incidence of premanifest PPE was 12.2% (n = 24), and that of manifest PPE was 2.5% (n = 5).
Mortality in the group of patients who developed manifest PPE was 100%. Two significant perioperative associations were found in the PPE group. One was the administration of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) transfusions (relative risk, 4.3; 95% confidence interval, 1.3 to 14.4 corrected for age and sex), while the other was higher mechanical ventilation pressures during surgery (relative risk, 3.0; 95% confidence interval, 1.2 to 7.3).