Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown.Most cases of idiopathic scoliosis occur between age 10 and the time a child is fully grown. Scoliosis is rarely painful—small curves often go unnoticed by children and their parents, and are first detected during a school screening or at a regular check-up with the pediatrician.
Treatments for scoliosis include Braces: Treatment for adolescents who have a spinal curve between 25 degrees to 40 degrees particularly if their bones are still maturing and if they have at least 2 years of growth remaining. Bracing halt progression of the curve. It may provide a temporary correction, but usually the curve will assume its original magnitude when bracing is eliminated.Surgery:Those who have curves beyond 40 degrees to 50 degrees are often considered for scoliosis surgery. But surgery does not perfectly straighten the spine. Metallic implants are utilized to correct some of the curvature and hold it in the correct position until a bone graft, placed at the time of surgery, consolidates and creates a rigid fusion in the area of the curve.
The disease shows a significant statistical significance. Most cases of idiopathic scoliosis occur between age 10 and the time a child is fully grown.The Population Estimated Used was 16,318,199 and the Extrapolated Prevalence is 48,954.