Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by a parasite called Toxoplasmagondii that can threaten the health of an unborn child. You can get the infection from handling soil or cat litter that contains cat feces infected with the parasite.Toxoplasmosis is seldom diagnosed or reported because most patients with a healthy immune system have no signs or symptoms of the disease. Some short-term effects of toxoplasmosis may include fever, muscle pain, sore throat, headache, swollen lymph nodes and an enlarged spleen.
Persons without symptoms usually do not need treatment. Medicines to treat the infection include an antimalarial drug and antibiotics. AIDS patients should continue treatment for as long as their immune system is weak to prevent the disease from reactivating.In the Netherlands, about 3,599,602 cases of Toxoplasmosis infection are reported in humans each year. Almost 12% of the Netherlands population is infected with Toxoplasmosis, a parasite of dogs and cats that can be passed from animals to humans.