Typhoid fever, also known simply as typhoid, is a symptomatic bacterial infection due to Salmonella typhi. Diarrhea and vomiting are uncommon.Some people develop a skin rash with rose colored spots. In severe cases there may be confusion. Without treatment symptoms may last weeks or months. Typhoid fever is a type of enteric fever along with paratyphoid fever. In the year 2006, 57 cases of Typhoid fever were reported in Netherlands. The prevalence rate was 0.3%. Highest prevalence rate was reported in the years 2001 and 2003 that is 0.5%.
Fluids and may be given by IV (into a vein). Or you may be asked to drink uncontaminated water with electrolyte packets. Antibiotics are given to kill the bacteria. There are increasing rates of antibiotic resistance throughout the world, so your health care provider will check current recommendations before choosing an antibiotic. Researches going on Clinically and microbiologically derived azithromycin susceptibility breakpoints for Salmonella enterica serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A.