Pathophysiology: Meningitis is an inflammation of the tissue lining that covers the brain and spinal cord. The pathogenesis of each family of viruses that causes viral meningitis varies. It is uncommon complication of common systemic infections. In children some studies shows learning disabilities, neuromuscular impairments (ie, mild paresis or loss of coordination), and deafness to viral meningitis. Communicating hydrocephalus is a rare complication of viral meningitis.
Disease Statistics: Enteroviruses belonging to the family Picornaviridae are major cause of sepsis and meningitis in young children in Netherland. They are associated with mild gastrointestinal or respiratory symptoms in young children.
Treatment: For most of the cases, there is no specific treatment for viral meningitis. Mostly people completely recover on their own within 7 to 10 days. However disease from certain viruses such as herpesvirus and influenza requires treatment with an antiviral medication. Antibiotics are useful only in cases of bacterial meningitis.
Research: The above study was published by Academic Medical Center, Meibergdreef, Amsterdam, Netherland. It is supported by health of ministry in Netherland.