Without the necessity of a surgical procedure, disc herniations can be treated with a minimally-invasive procedure using ozone. Muto suggested intradiscal injection of ozone for disc hernia in 1998 under CT guidance, and Leonardi popularized fluoroscopy guided ozone injection into the intervertebral disc. Ozone modifies the core of the intervertebral disc in such a way that the disc herniation resolves. The treatment is carried out under local anaesthesia, and ozone is introduced through a fine needle into the intervertebral disc without the need to open the spinal canal. The micro-therapy is carried out under the precise guidance afforded by computed tomography or C arm. Under a skilled practitioners hand, scar formation is minimal or non-existent. The procedure takes between 20 and 30 minutes. A Hospital stay and postoperative physiotherapy are not necessary.
Journal Article is sometimes called a Scientific Article, a Peer-Reviewed Article, or a Scholarly Research Article. Together, journal articles in a particular field are often referred to as The Literature.
Journal articles are most often Primary Research Articles. However, they can also be Review Articles. These types of articles have different aims and requirements. Sometimes, an article describes a new tool or method.
Because articles in scientific journals are specific, meticulously cited and peer-reviewed, journal databases are the best place to look for information on previous research on your species. Without a background in the field, journal articles may be hard to understand - however, you do not need to understand an entire article to be able to get valuable information from it.
Last date updated on June, 2014