Albinism is caused by a defect in one of several genes that produce or distribute melanin (natural pigment). The defect may result in the absence of melanin production, or a reduced amount of melanin production. it is inherited and it requires the defective gene to be passed down by both parents Symptoms include apparent in a person's skin, hair and eye colour.includes Absence of colour in the hair, skin, or iris of the eye, Lighter than normal skin and hair, Patchy, missing skin colour. Many forms of albinism are associated with the following symptoms:(strabismus),(photophobia), (nystagmus), Vision problems, or functional blindness.
Genetic testing can give most accurate way to diagnose albinism. Such testing is helpful if you have a family history of albinism. It is also useful for certain groups of people who are known to get the disease. Doctor may also diagnose the condition based on the appearance of yourskin, hair, and eyes. An ophthalmologist may perform an electroretinogram, which is a test that can reveal vision problems related to albinism. Because albinism is a genetic disorder, treatment is limited. Therefore treatment involves protecting the skin and eyes from the sun: Reduce sunburn risk by avoiding the sun, using sunscreen, and covering up completely with clothing when exposed to the sun.
According to the National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation (NOAH), approximately one in 11,000 people have a form of albinism.We should use Sunscreen to have a high sun protection factor (SPF), Sunglasses (UV protected) may relieve light sensitivity.