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An asthma attack is a sudden worsening of asthma symptoms caused by the tightening of muscles around your airways (bronchospasm). During the asthma attack, the lining of the airways also becomes swollen or inflamed and thicker mucus more than normal is produced.
The symptoms of a severe asthma attack may include:Bluish tint to your lips, Agitation, confusion, or an inability to concentrate, Hunched shoulders and strained abdominal and neck muscles, A need to sit or stand up to breathe more easily. Some people with asthma may go for extended periods without having an asthma attack or other symptoms, interrupted by periodic worsening of their symptoms.
If you're having an asthma attack, follow the steps in the asthma plan you worked out with your doctor. If your symptoms don't improve, seek immediate medical care.Home treatment steps to stop an asthma attack generally include taking 2.5 to 5 milligrams of albuterol every 20 minutes for an hour.