Definition: Autism is a general term for a group of complex disorders of brain development. These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees, by difficulties in social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviours. In recent times all autism disorders were merged into one umbrella diagnosis of Autism spectrum disorders (ASD).
Symptoms and Treatment: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by social-interaction difficulties, communication challenges and a tendency to engage in repetitive behaviors. However, symptoms and their severity vary widely across these three core areas. Taken together, they may result in relatively mild challenges for someone on the high functioning end of the autism spectrum. Each child or adult with autism is unique so, each autism intervention plan should be tailored to address specific needs. Intervention can involve behavioral treatments, medicines or both. Many persons with autism have additional medical conditions such as sleep disturbance, seizures and gastrointestinal (GI) distress. Addressing these conditions can improve attention, learning and related behaviors.
Statistics: In Norway disease statistics were resulted as children with chronic illness, such as cancer, asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, and neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism, are treated with CAM therapies at even higher rates. Up to 50 to 75% of children with autism may be treated with CAM. CAM use may be even more likely in children with comorbid intellectual disability. Almost 1/3 of young children referred for evaluation of ASD were being treated with dietary therapies by their parents even before confirmation of diagnos