Diabetic neuropathy is a type of nerve damage that can occur if you have diabetes. High blood sugar can injure nerve fibres throughout your body, but diabetic neuropathy most often damages nerves in your legs and feet. Diabetic neuropathy is a common serious complication of diabetes. Yet you can often prevent diabetic neuropathy or slow its progress with tight blood sugar control and a healthy lifestyle.
Good control of diabetes over time is the key to treating diabetic neuropathy. There is no cure for neuropathy, but keeping your blood sugar within a target range can reduce symptoms and prevent them from getting worse. To help control your diabetes, eat food that is good for you and exercise. Controlling diabetes means maintaining blood sugar levels (A1c) within the target range. This will do more than anything else to help prevent diabetic neuropathy from getting worse.
According to Eurostat data on hospital discharges, there are around 900 000 diabetes mellitus hospitalisations in the EU in a typical year (2009). The Euro barometer survey carried out in 1996 and 2002 on health preventive examinations on Europeans reveals that, overall, taking own initiative, doctor's initiative and screening programmes together, 21.4% of the EU-15 population said they had a diabetes test in 2002. This is a few percentage points higher than the number of Europeans saying so six years previously (20.2% in 1996). Females (23.0% in 2002) were tested more than males (19.6% in 2002).
The prognosis of T2D is characterised by the development of complications and, as such, T2D is a disease which gives rise to excessive rates of heart disease, stroke, peripheral vascular disease, renal disease, eye diseases, and many neurological and mental problems. The most efficient way of managing T2D and its complications is to prevent diabetes from developing.