Gingivitis refers to an inflammation of the gums. It is characterized by red swollen gums, bad breath which persists even after brushing, painful and bleeding gums.
Gingivitis severity is most likely related to age, lipid disorders and increase in body mass. Ulcerative gingivitis is accompanied by areas of ulceration and necrosis of the gums (necrosis). Risk factors associated with gingivitis are smoking, chewing tobacco, poor oral hygiene, medical conditions such as diabetes, decreased immunity, fungal infections and hormonal imbalance.
Treatment and Statistics
It can be prevented by proper oral hygiene and balanced diet. Studies conducted in children at Norway reported that 44.8% presented with fair to poor Oral Hygiene Index- Simplified (OHI-S) .In their study, children with good oral hygiene, females were more, 32.8% as compared to 28.7% males, whereas with poor oral hygiene, 8.5% were males and 6.3% were females, and this difference was statistically significant, P < 0.014.