Haemophilus influenzae is a species of bacteria that can cause many kinds of infections. These can range from mild ear infections to severe diseases, like bloodstream infections. Haemophilus influenzae bacteria most often cause pneumonia, a lung infection.
Symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, Chills, Sweating, Chest pain that comes and goes with breathing, Headache, Muscle pain, Excessive tiredness, vomiting, pain in the belly. Antibiotics are used to treat Haemophilus influenzae infections. Most of the cases need to be hospitalized and monitored closely for treatment and management of complications such as meningitis and pneumonia.
In recent years, the overall incidence has been 3.5 cases per 100,000 people each year (800 cases annually); in children less than 5 years of age, the annual incidence has been 49 cases per 100,000. Meningitis represents only 52% of all systemic H. influenzae diseases, but lack of reliable data may obscure the importance of other entities. Few strains (less than 5%) are beta-lactamase-positive, and the case fatality rate is 3%. Analysis of seasonal variation shows peaks in June and September-October.