A myocardial infraction or a heart attack is permanent damage to the heart muscle. It occurs when the flow of oxygen-rich blood to heart muscle gets suddenly blocked by which the heart can’t get oxygen. Various symptoms include pain or discomfort in one or both the arms that spread to shoulders, upper back, neck or jaw, a general sense of anxiety, shortness of breath, stomach or abdominal pain, weakness and overwhelming fatigue, swelling of the ankles and lower legs, etc.
A heart attack is a medical emergency so should call the ambulance. If the causality is not allergic to aspirin and its easily available than give them a tablet ideally 300mg to slowly chew and swallow while waiting for the ambulance to arrive. The aspirin will help to reduce the risk of heart attack by thinning the blood. The two main treatments include: using medication to dissolve blood clots, surgery to restore blood to the heart.
Illnesses such as stroke, heart attack (myocardial infarction), angina pectoris, aortic aneurism and intermittent claudication ("smokers' legs") all represent diseases of the heart and arteries. These, and others, are all examples of cardiovascular disease (CVD). 450,000 Norwegians live with cardiovascular disease, meaning everyone knows someone affected. In 2012, 10 700 patients in Norway had stroke as the primary diagnosis.26 100 had heart attacks or angina pectoris as the primary diagnosis