The incidence of movement disorder in the study area of Norway, age standardised to the 1991 European standard population, was 12.6/10(5yr-1) (95% CI 11.1 to 14.2). The overall age standardised male to female ratio was 1.58 (95% CI 1.22 to 2.06), with a consistent male preponderance throughout all age groups.
Non pharmacological treatment include treatment of sleep apnea via a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device has shown dramatic improvement in apnea and nearly complete resolution of RMD symptoms. Behavioral interventions may alleviate some RMD symptoms and movements. In such a therapy, sufferers are asked to perform RMD-like motions during the day in a slow and methodic manner.
Movement disorder was suppressed by test stimulation of the thalamic ventralis intermedius (VIM) nucleus at high frequency (130 Hz) during stereotaxy in nonanesthetized patients suffering from Parkinson's disease or essential tremor. Ventralis intermedius stimulation has since been used by the authors over the last 8 years as a treatment in 117 patients with movement disorders (80 cases of Parkinson's disease, 20 cases of essential tremor, and 17 cases of various dyskinesias and dystonias including four multiple sclerosis).