Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is the most common malignant tumor of the nasopharynx, the upper part of the throat behind the nose and near the base of skull. A carcinoma is a cancer that starts in epithelial cells- the cells lining the internal and external surfaces of the body. The standardized incidence ratio (SIR) of nasopharyngeal carcinoma is 0.23 out of 549657 males and 0.96 out of 845016 females. Treatment for nasopharyngeal carcinoma usually involves radiation therapy, chemotherapy or a combination of the two.
In certain cases, surgery may be used to remove a tumor from the nasopharynx. This usually requires surgeons to make an incision in the roof of your mouth to access the area to remove the cancerous tissue.There is a need to conduct secondary prevention, such as improving rates of early detection, early diagnosis, and early treatment in NPC patients. Achievements in these areas might bring hope of providing a successful screening model in cancer.