The term "nephrotic syndrome" refers to a group of symptoms and laboratory findings that may occur in people with certain kinds of kidney (renal) disease: 1. High levels of protein (albumin) in the urine 2. Low levels of the protein (albumin) in the blood 3. Swelling (also called edema) of the face, legs, or ankles due to the abnormal collection of fluids in the tissues, usually accompanied by weight gain. Identified 315 cases of AKI (53% male), with an estimated average annual incidence rate of 3.3 cases per 100 000 children and a median annual occurrence of 33 cases. Most cases (43%) were in children under five.
Membranous nephropathy : The best treatment for membranous nephropathy is a source of debate. In many people, a period of "watch and wait" is recommended initially to determine if the condition is worsening or causing complications. During this time, an ACE inhibitor or ARB is recommended and it is important to keep blood pressure and cholesterol levels controlled. Additional treatment, including medications that suppress the immune system, may be needed if membranous nephropathy progresses. Within a few days of diagnosis, your child will most likely start on a course of steroid treatment. Many children are treated for about eight weeks, although some respond much more quickly—to see if they’ll respond to the steroids.