Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs. It usually occurs when sexually transmitted bacteria spread from your vagina to your uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries. Many women who develop pelvic inflammatory disease either experience no signs or symptoms or don't seek treatment. Pelvic inflammatory disease may be detected only later when you have trouble getting pregnant or if you develop chronic pelvic pain.
More than 340 million new cases of sexually transmitted bacterial and protozoal infections occur worldwide every year. Untreated gonococcal and chlamydial infections in women result in pelvic inflammatory disease in up to 40% of cases. One in four of these results in infertility.
Several types of antibiotics can cure PID. Antibiotic treatment does not, however, reverse any scarring caused by the infection. For this reason, it is critical that a woman receive care immediately if she has pelvic pain or other symptoms of PID. Prompt antibiotic treatment can prevent severe damage to the reproductive organs.
Develop case definition for use in epidemiological research, Establish social, behavioral, and demographic factors associated with PID, Estimate disease prevalence/incidence Improve surveillance in a range of primary care settings Establish diagnostic and management guidelines for use in patient management systems Implement validated, representative, active sentinel surveillance Estimate the proportion of cases that could be prevented by chlamydial intervention.