Tourette Syndrome is an inherited neurological disorder that is characterized by the presence of multiple motor tics (eye blinking, shrugging, facial grimacing) and at least one vocal tic (grunting, barking, growling, snorting). It usually starts during childhood and continues into adulthood. The exact cause of Tourette's is unknown. It is estimated that the incidence of TS is about 0.5- 1.5% among children. It is four times more common in boys than in girls. Often, Children with Tourette also have other conditions such as ADHD(attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), OCD (obsessive compulsive disorder) and ASD (autism spectrum disorder).
Although there is no cure for Tourette Syndrome (TS), there are treatments to help manage the tics caused by TS. Psychotherapy, behavioral therapy and deep brain stimulation are sufficient in most cases. Severe and frequent tics are treated with drugs like alpha-2-adrenergic agonists (clonidine), muscle relaxants (baclofen, clonazepam) and dopamine antagonists. Surgery is useful in extreme cases when the patient does not respond to all other forms of therapy. Norwegian Tourette Association (NTF) is a nationwide organization whose purpose is to spread knowledge and understanding of TS, and be a support for the people suffering with TS.