Travellers’ diarrhea is the most common illness that affects travellers. It is easily spread from person-to-person or by consuming contaminated food or water. Travellers’ diarrhea is caused by many different bacteria such as E. coli, Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter and etc. Travellers’ diarrhea is spread by eating food or drinking water that is contaminated or through person-to-person contact due to poor hygiene. Traveler's diarrhea affects individuals around 1,195,142 per year in Norway.
Traveler's diarrhea tends to resolve itself, you may get better without any intervention. It's important to try to stay hydrated with safe liquids, such as bottled water or canned juice. If you have more than four loose stools a day or severe symptoms, including fever or blood, pus or mucus in your stools, you may use a course of antibiotics. All individuals traveling to a high-risk area are encouraged to carry antibiotics for self-treatment of TD. To date, 3 antibiotics have been found to be effective for shortening the duration of TD, these drugs include fluoroquinolone (ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin), rifaximin (Xifaxan, Salix), and azithromycin.