Fishermen have a higher mortality from cardiovascular disease, cancer and accident. It is generally agreed that the majority of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is caused by external risk factors that can be controlled, treated or modified, such as the
diet, tobacco, alcohol and lack of physical activity. The dependent chronic diseases and/or conditions are mainly hypertension, diabetes, obesity, high cholesterol/lipid, cancer and early death. These are seen as the effects of long term exposures to the external risk factors. Further it is well known that cardiovascular diseases become increasingly common with advancing age. Only the Greek study included physical activity and 66% of fishing workers did not perform any kind of exercise outside work. Fishing is an occupational activity demanding high energy levels and that provokes overload of the fisheries employees thus setting limitations in their ability for other physical activity of a desirable type which could act as protective factor against obesity and finally against all the health consequences of obesity which according to WHO include cardiovascular diseases, diabetes type 2, musculoskeletal disorders and certain types of cancer. Health risk factors among fishermen need to be highlighted and further investigated as they represent occupational risks of major impact to chronic diseases prevalence with projections to quality and duration of fishermens life, but also to their future career in fisheries sector.
Last date updated on June, 2014