alexa A Discussion of the Role of Complex Evolved Systems in the Development of Invasive Cardiovascular Interventions as Illustrated by the Blalock- Taussig Shunt and Intra-Arterial Stents
ISSN: 2329-6577
Biological Systems: Open Access
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

A Discussion of the Role of Complex Evolved Systems in the Development of Invasive Cardiovascular Interventions as Illustrated by the Blalock- Taussig Shunt and Intra-Arterial Stents

Ray Greek*
Americans for Medical Advancement, USA
*Corresponding Author : Ray Greek
President Americans for Medical Advancement, 2251 Refugio Rd
Goleta, CA 93117, USA
Tel: 805-685-6812
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 02, 2014; Accepted May 28, 2014; Published May 30, 2014
Citation: Greek R (2014) A Discussion of the Role of Complex Evolved Systems in the Development of Invasive Cardiovascular Interventions as Illustrated by the Blalock-Taussig Shunt and Intra-Arterial Stents. Biol Syst Open Access 3: 124. doi:10.4172/2329-6577.1000124
Copyright: © 2014 Greek R. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Biological Systems: Open Access

Abstract

Scientific disciplines normally thought of as outside the sphere of medical science have experienced advances over the past twenty years that currently have profound implications for medical care and medical research. Evolutionary and developmental biology, complexity and chaos science, along with the Human Genome Project and spinoff projects, have dramatically altered our understanding of how the human body functions and what can be expected from research methods like animal modeling. In this article, I summarize these advances and examine one historical medical development, the Blalock-Taussig shunt, in order to ascertain whether historically accepted representations of this development are consistent with current knowledge. I also examine an ongoing technology-intra-arterial stent development-to compare human data to the known animal data and place this comparison in the context of the aforementioned advances.

Ray Greek*
Americans for Medical Advancement, USA
*Corresponding Author : Ray Greek
President Americans for Medical Advancement, 2251 Refugio Rd
Goleta, CA 93117, USA
Tel: 805-685-6812
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 02, 2014; Accepted May 28, 2014; Published May 30, 2014
Citation: Greek R (2014) A Discussion of the Role of Complex Evolved Systems in the Development of Invasive Cardiovascular Interventions as Illustrated by the Blalock-Taussig Shunt and Intra-Arterial Stents. Biol Syst Open Access 3: 124. doi:10.4172/2329-6577.1000124
Copyright: © 2014 Greek R. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Ray Greek*
Americans for Medical Advancement, USA
*Corresponding Author : Ray Greek
President Americans for Medical Advancement, 2251 Refugio Rd
Goleta, CA 93117, USA
Tel: 805-685-6812
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 02, 2014; Accepted May 28, 2014; Published May 30, 2014
Citation: Greek R (2014) A Discussion of the Role of Complex Evolved Systems in the Development of Invasive Cardiovascular Interventions as Illustrated by the Blalock-Taussig Shunt and Intra-Arterial Stents. Biol Syst Open Access 3: 124. doi:10.4172/2329-6577.1000124
Copyright: © 2014 Greek R. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Relevant Topics

Recommended Conferences

Article Usage

  • Total views: 11522
  • [From(publication date):
    December-2014 - Dec 13, 2017]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 7778
  • PDF downloads : 3744
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version