alexa All eyes on me? Role of Negative Parenting in the Development of Social Anxiety Disorder among Children and Adolescents | OMICS International
ISSN: 2469-9837
International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

All eyes on me? Role of Negative Parenting in the Development of Social Anxiety Disorder among Children and Adolescents

Naeem Aslam*

National institute of Psychology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author:
Naeem Aslam
National institute of Psychology, Quaid-i-Azam University
Islamabad, Pakistan
Tel: 0322 5120866
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: November 01, 2013; Accepted date: November 13, 2013; Published date: January 12, 2014

Citation: Aslam N (2014) All eyes on me? Role of Negative Parenting in the Development of Social Anxiety Disorder among Children and Adolescents. Int J Sch Cogn Psychol 1:e101 doi:10.4172/2469-9837.1000e101

Copyright: © 2014 Aslam N. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at International Journal of School and Cognitive Psychology

Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD), is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders in developed and developing countries [1]. It usually starts in childhood or adolescence and associated with significant functional impairment [2]. If left untreated, SAD is associated with the subsequent development of major depression, substance abuse, and other mental health problems [3]. SAD also can be associated with functional disability, low health-related quality of life, and economic burden [4]. In addition, relationship between the social and generalized anxiety symptoms and alcohol and cigarette use in adolescence is well documented [5]. Whereas, high level of fear of negative evaluation was associated with drinking initiation in boys and girls and the negative effects of SAD may continue throughout their lives.

Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE) is regarded as being the core feature and fundamental component of social anxiety [6,7]. Individuals with SAD are apprehensive of saying or doing something in such situations that will result in humiliation and indignity. Cognitive models suggest that social anxiety arises from specific dysfunctional cognitions about the likelihood and severity of embarrassment [8]. Available research suggests that FNE and fear of positive evaluation are related but distinct constructs that both contribute to social anxiety. Fear of positive evaluation appears to effect social anxiety because it arises from the same, single underlying trait as fear of negative evaluation [9]. Individuals with FNE are withdrawn in unfamiliar social settings. They avoid social situations for fear of being perceived as unlikable, stupid, or boring. Accordingly, they avoid speaking in public and expressing opinions. Furthermore, they have low self esteem [10]. They are typically shy and quiet when meeting new people, and show overt evidence of discomfort with intense emotional or physical symptoms while interacting with others.

This editorial is aimed to raise the interest on the role of parenting in social anxiety. As it is well established that the chidren raised by the authoritarian parents are more vulnerable to develop adjustment and psychosocial problems.One of the major sources to FNE are the parents or the care givers. Parental anxiety has been linked to child anxiety in various studies. A potential mediator between parental and child social anxiety may be parental Fear of Negative Child Evaluation (FNCE). Both paternal and maternal FNCE predicted child social anxiety, while only maternal FNCE mediated the association between maternal and child social anxiety [11]. Fathers’ challenging parenting behavior predicted less subsequent social anxiety, whereas, mothers’ challenging behavior predicted more observed social anxiety [12]. While parenting behaviors among anxious parents have been implicated in the familial transmission of anxiety, parents with SAD showed less positive behavior, warmth and more criticism and doubts of child competency than did those without SAD [13]. The association between authoritarian parenting style and youth social anxiety was mediated by attention bias for angry faces in the general community sample [14].

Therapeutic interventions are effectively used to reduce social anxiety and FNE among children and adolescence. Cognitivebehavioral group therapy is more adviseable than individual therapy in reducing FNE [11]. Interventions strategies like assertiveness training and skill of handling social anxiety are useful. Educational professionals across middle and high schools must be knowledgeable and prepared to identify symptoms. Parental educational training programs are suitable for teaching appropriate parenting strategies. In addition, studies showed that social anxiety disorder is associated with low self-concept in children and adolescents. Hence, inform models of familial transmission [15], low paternal education, trait anxiety, and low self-concept may be the intervention targets for SAD prevention and treatment [12].

References

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Recommended Conferences

Article Usage

  • Total views: 12607
  • [From(publication date):
    February-2014 - Jun 19, 2018]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 8687
  • PDF downloads : 3920
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

+1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
Leave Your Message 24x7